question H

Research and Planning: Packet Switching vs. Circuit Switching

The thorough research and planning of the interactive infographics on the computer network concept are essential components in this way. A good infographic should be the result of meticulous and rigorous research processes to guarantee accuracy, relevance, and detailed information. The following outlines the key components of the research and planning process:The following outlines the key components of the research and planning process:
Understanding Audience Needs: The first aspect aims at selecting the audience for which the infographic is being made. Analyzing the audience’s acquaintance with network infrastructure assistance in grasping the concept which the audience has probably heard about before. If the audience composition that are either starting point are looking for basic facts or the professionals curious about more detailed topic determines the depth and complexity of the infographic.
Literature Review: It is vital to do comprehensive literature review for start the obtaining the useful data from computer network concepts. This involves reading textbooks, academic articles, online sources, and few high-quality sites in order to keep the information presented up-to-date and credible.
Identifying Key Concepts: Taking into account your audience as well as info gleaned from a literature review, pick up the main concepts of computer networks to integrate into this infographic. This will include some fundamental topics starting from layering of networks, methods of data transmission, security mechanism and implementation of different topologies.
Storyboarding: Use a storyboard approach to lay out the important elements and their proper sequence in the infographic. Establish the order of information restoring, visual symbols, and also interactive features to catch user’s attention. By means of storyboarding it is possible to schematize the content in a consistent manner and provide a logical hegemony of the concepts.
Design Considerations: Think about how to visually represent the infographic in such a way that it will be appealing and relatively easy to understand. Therefore, one needs to compose an interface with proper colors, fonts, layout chart and visuals to create a beautiful, easy-to-apply user interface.
Interactive Features: Create interactivity that grabs the user’s attention and helps to disclose content. Decide how users will relate to the infographic: just clickable buttons, animations, simulations and guided tour are useful in that case. Interactive features should aid the flow of the content and offer chances for the probes and in-depth look of network concepts. Start the Interactive Section | Instruction: Teddy M was sent to space by NASA as part of a mission’s crew, where he served as the in-flight entertainment for the Space Shuttle crew members.
Introduction Layer

Circuit and Packet Switching

· Packet Switching: Divides data into small packets that are sent independently to the destination, where they are reassembled. Allows for efficient use of network resources.
· Circuit Switching: Establishes a dedicated communication path between two devices for the entire duration of the conversation.
1. Connection Establishment:
· Packet Switching: No dedicated path; packets travel independently and may take different routes to reach the destination.
· Circuit Switching: Requires the establishment of a dedicated path before communication begins.
2. Resource Usage:
· Packet Switching: Efficient use of bandwidth; multiple connections can share the network simultaneously.
· Circuit Switching: Resources reserved for the entire duration, even if not actively transmitting data.
Advantages and Disadvantages:
1. Advantages:
1. Packet Switching:
· Flexibility: Adapts well to varying data transmission needs.
· Scalability: Scales better with increasing network traffic.
· Cost-Effectiveness: Efficient use of resources.
· Low Latency: Dedicated path ensures minimal delay.
· Predictable Performance: Consistent connection quality.

2. Disadvantages:
1. Packet Switching:
· Variable Latency: Packet arrival times may differ.
· Congestion Issues: High traffic can lead to packet loss.
· Inefficiency: Resources reserved, even if not in active use.
· Scalability Challenges: Struggles with a large number of simultaneous connections.

Use Cases:
1. Packet Switching:
· Internet Communication : Dominant in modern internet communication.
· Data Transmission: Efficient for variable-sized data.
· Traditional Telephony: Common in traditional telephone networks.
· Real-Time Communication: Suitable for applications requiring constant, low-latency communication.
circuit Switching

Packet Switching


Circuit Switching

Packet Switching

Connection Establishment

A circuit must be established before data transmission.

No connection is required; each packet finds its route dynamically.

Path Consistency

Follows a uniform path throughout the session.

No uniform path; packets may take different routes.

Ideal Usage

Ideal for voice communication, ensuring uniform delay.

Mainly used for data transmission; delay may vary.

Dependency on Connection

Requires a physical layer connection to exist.

Can exist without a physical layer connection.

Processing Location

Data processing occurs primarily at the source.

Data is processed at the source and each switching station.

Security Benefits

Circuit-based, less susceptible to interception during transmission.

Enhanced security against interception due to packet-level encryption.


In circuit switching, data follows a predetermined path, vulnerable to eavesdropping.

In packet switching, packets take varied routes, making interception more challenging. Packets switch paths frequently, preventing easy interception.


Users can initiate security threats like packet sniffing in both systems. However, in circuit switching, interception is more feasible due to predictable paths.

In both systems, users can attempt packet sniffing. However, in packet switching, packet encryption and dynamic routing mitigate such threats. Packet sniffing is less effective due to encryption and dynamic routing.


Circuit switching offers fewer inherent security features, making it more susceptible to interception and tampering.

Packet switching provides inherent security enhancements through encryption and dynamic routing, making it more resilient against interception and tampering. Encryption and dynamic routing enhance security by thwarting interception attempts and tampering.

Future Trends:
1. Current Trends:
· Packet Switching: Continues to dominate due to the internet’s growth and diverse data types.
· Circuit Switching: Declining in use but still prevalent in specific applications.
2. Emerging Technologies:
· 5G Networks: Emphasizes packet-switched architecture for higher data rates.
· Software-Defined Networking (SDN): Enhances the flexibility and control of packet-switched networks.
Planning Considerations:
1. Network Design:
· Consider the nature of the data and communication requirements when choosing between packet and circuit switching.
2. Cost-Benefit Analysis:
· Evaluate the costs associated with each switching method against the specific needs of the application or network.
3. Scalability:
· Evaluate the degree of network expansion and settle for the communication routing method that can adjust according to changing needs.
4. Future-Proofing:
· Instead of using technologies that ease today’s passing trend, try technologies that are future-proofed and in line with tomorrow’s advancements in networking.

Computing Architecture

Taxonomy of DDoS Attacks
In summary, network systems control the choice between the two options in their applications or networks. Thanks to packet switching, data transmission has become more effective and robust, but at the same time, circuit switching continues to have some uses like making sure real-time and dedicated communication needs air fine. The presence of the Packet Switching is nearly inevitable when it comes to the advancement in technologies and it is to be expected that as technologies evolve, new ones will create the future communication network model.








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